Different Ways of Tzaddikim [#1953]

March 4, 2019

Question:

1) In the sefarim of Chassidus, as well as in the earlier sefarim, it is mentioned many times that the purpose of life is d’veykus (attachment with Hashem). Did all tzaddikim throughout the generation agree to this, or were there other tzaddikim who held that the purpose of life is to fulfill all of the 613 mitzvos, and mainly the mitzvah to learn Torah?
2) The tzaddikim throughout the generations disagreed with each other, both in areas of Torah as well as in areas of how to serve Hashem. There is a well-known fundamental that this was because they had differing soul roots (shorshei haneshamos). When the tzaddikim disagreed with each other’s views, was it because they each had a clear knowledge that the other tzaddik was presenting a view according to his unique soul root? Or was it instead that each tzaddik held that the other tzaddik was totally wrong?
3) How is it possible for a tzaddik to have an influence on his students, or a Rebbe on his chassidim, and draw others in to follow his own way? How did the tzaddik or Rebbe know that this was good for his students or chassidim [since every person has a different soul root]?

Answer:

  1. The purpose of life is always d’veykus with Hashem, and it is just that there are different many ways to reach this: (1) One way is through become attached to Hashem without the use of any “garments”, meaning, that one attaches himself to Hashem through emunah peshutah, simple faith in G-d, and from a “simple sense” in the reality of the Infinite, Blessed Is He. (2) Another way is through attaching oneself to the root of the revelation [of Hashem], which is, through attaching oneself to the “garment” that is the holy Torah. In this way, a person becomes “one” with Hashem, so to speak, for “He and His will are one” and “He and His wisdom are one.” (3) Another way [of attaining d’veykus] is through attaching oneself to the purpose of all the revelation, which is, “to make for Him a dwelling place in the lower realm.” This is through actual observance of the mitzvos. This is how one reaches d’veykus on the lower realm. For “mitzvos” are from the word “tzavta”, “companion”, as is well-known [which implies that doing the mitzvos enables one to attain d’veykus with Hashem]. All of the aforementioned paths are different ways of attaining d’veykus.
    2) The tzaddikim throughout the generations disagreed with each other, both in areas of Torah as well as in areas of how to serve Hashem. There is a well-known fundamental that this was because they had differing soul roots (shorshei haneshamos). When the tzaddikim disagreed with each other’s views, was it because they each had a clear knowledge that the other tzaddik was presenting a view according to his unique soul root? Or was it instead that each tzaddik held that the other tzaddik was totally wrong?3) How is it possible for a tzaddik to have an influence on his students, or a Rebbe on his chassidim, and draw others in to follow his own way? How did the tzaddik or Rebbe know that this was good for his students or chassidim [since every person has a different soul root]?